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Genetic Life

What are digestive enzymes?

by SEO DIGITAL 19 Apr 2023

What are digestive enzymes

The food you eat needs to be broken down by digestive enzymes. These proteins hasten the chemical processes that transform food into compounds that can be absorbed by your digestive system.

There are digesting enzymes in your saliva. These are also expelled by a few of your organs, such as the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. They are also kept in cells that line the outside of your intestines.

Various kinds of enzymes focus on certain nutrients:

  • Amylase degrades carbohydrates and starches.
  • On proteins, protease is active.
  • Lipase deals with fats
  • Sources of Digestive Enzymes in Nature

Natural digestive enzymes can be found in fruits, vegetables, and other meals. They can help your digestion if you eat them.

  • Protease and amylase are present in honey, particularly raw honey.
  • Bananas and mangoes contain amylase, which aids in fruit ripening.
  • Papain is a particular protease found in papaya.
  • The digestive enzyme lipase is present in avocados.
  • During the fermentation process, fermented cabbage, often known as sauerkraut, absorbs digestive enzymes.

Your body can't produce enough enzymes due to certain digestive diseases, such as:

Intolerance to lactose. This occurs when your small intestine doesn't produce enough lactase, an enzyme that breaks down lactose, a natural sugar found in milk. When lactase levels are low, lactose from dairy products you consume goes straight to your colon rather than being absorbed by your body. After then, it mixes with bacteria to produce unpleasant stomach symptoms.

Three types of lactose intolerance exist:

  1. Primary. You have a gene that predisposes you to lactose intolerance. As a youngster, your lactase levels abruptly decrease. Dairy becomes harder for you to digest after that. The most typical form of lactose intolerance is this one.
  2. Secondary. After an illness, injury, or surgery, your small intestine produces less lactase. It may also be a sign of Crohn's illness or celiac disease.
  3. Since birth, your body does not produce lactase. This is unusual. This is a gene that you must receive from both your mother and father.

After consuming dairy products like milk and ice cream, people with lactose intolerance experience gas and bloating as well as the need for frequent bowel movements. Some people find that consuming less dairy helps them control their symptoms. Others prefer lactose-free foods and beverages or altogether skip dairy.

Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (EPI). When the pancreas is harmed by another ailment, this can occur. the following are typical EPI causes:

  • Pancreatitis, or pancreatic inflammation
  • Your pancreas' tissues are where pancreatic cancer first appears.
  • The genetic disease cystic fibrosis harms the lungs, digestive system, and other organs.
Your doctor could advise modifying your lifestyle to address EPI, such as:
  • Quit smoking if you do.
  • Don't consume alcohol
  • Consume a diet low in fat.
  • ingest vitamin and mineral supplements


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